The Lithuanian University of Health Sciences studied social determinants of health (SDoH) including environment and found that traffic-related exposure in Lithuania was associated with incidence of arterial hypertension, high triglyceride levels and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
However, the study team found that the negative impact of traffic air pollutants was observed only in the participants who lived in multi-story house. The Lithuanian University team’s findings highlight the importance of the living environment and its effect on arterial hypertension and triglyceride risks, especially for those living in multi-story houses.
Certain cardiovascular disease are a leading cause of death in developing and emerging nations. Hypertension and metabolic syndrome can lead to cardiovascular disease. Metabolic syndrome furthermore is associated with abdominal obesity, elevated blood pressure and higher blood glucose levels.
The team from Lithuanian University identify the potential reality that those living away from green spaces—in gritty industrial or inner-city sections in this Baltic nation may be more prone to conditions such as cardiovascular disease and Type 2 diabetes which could lead to more deaths. This follows a similar pattern at looking at socio-economic and environmental factors and these social determinants of health.
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Agne Braziene, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences